The Fastest Non-Surgical Way to lose fat fast
THERE'S A REALLY GOOD REASON WHY WE HAVE A LOVE-HATE relationship with fat. We love the way it tastes, but we despise what too much of it can do to the appearance of our body. We enjoy that fatty piece of ribeye and those French fries and creamy alfredo sauce, because the fat we consume tastes good and triggers the re-lease of the neurotransmitter dopamine in our brains that brings us a sense of satisfaction and pleasure. But on the other side of the equation, fat that we consume, as well as excess calories that we don't burn off, increase the amount of body fat that is stored under our skin and around our vital organs. Excess fat and calories incon-veniently find their way into our abdomen, causing an unwanted protrusion, or on the back of our arms or underneath our chins. We have a schizophrenic relationship with fat—we want it, but then we don't want it. You're reading this book because you want to know how to get rid of all that unwanted fat that's making your clothes fit too tight or has you contemplating how different you might look af-ter a session of liposuction, or maybe it's causing your insulin hor-mone to not function well, and thus your blood sugars are high. All of these scenarios and others prompt us to want significant change, but before we talk about burning the fat, let's get a quick under-standing of what it is and why we actually need it—at least some of it, in appropriate amounts.
What Is Fat?
Fat you know it when you see it. Whether it's the rim around a pork chop or the streaks running through a steak or the dimpling you can see under a tight dress—fat is everywhere. Fat is considered one of the three macronutrients—nutrients our bodies need to in-gest in large supplies for us to survive. (The other two macros are carbohydrates and proteins.) Fat is critical for our bodies to func-tion normally, and without it, we simply couldn't live. It's found not just underneath our skin (subcutaneous) and in our abdomens, but also in the cells in our brains and throughout the rest of our bodies, and around our vital organs (visceral fat). Some of this fat we are born with, but a lot of it we gather from the foods we eat. So let's take a look at the fat we're putting into our mouth.
- four major types of fats that are found in our food—saturated, monounsaturated, polyunsaturated, and trans
- chemical structures and physical properties are different, and tend to be divided between good fats and bad this
- good fats are the monounsaturated and the polyunsaturated
- bad fats are the saturated and trans
The unsaturated fats are liquid at room temperature. They are predominantly found in foods from plants, such as vegetables, nuts, and seeds, as well as in fish. Think about the key ingredients you typ-ically see in a Mediterranean diet. Unsaturated fats are considered good fats, because of their benefits, which include improving blood cholesterol levels (they lower the risk of heart disease and stroke), sta-bilizing heart rhythms, easing inflammation, and possibly lowering one's risk for developing rheumatoid arthritis. Unsaturated fits are further divided into two groups: monounsaturated and poly-unsaturated. The difference between the two is in their chemical structures. Without getting too scientific, both contain the same atoms—carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen—but how those atoms are arranged makes a difference. Monounsaturated fats contain only one double bond in its structure, while polyunsaturated fats con-tain two or more double bonds.
Good Sources of Monounsaturated Fats
- Cooking oils made from plants such as olive, peanut, soybean, sunflower, and canola
- Nuts such as almonds, hazelnuts, cashews, peanuts, and pecans
- Seeds such as pumpkin and sesame
Generally speaking, the more unsaturated a fat is, the better it is for your health. So, poly- (multiple) unsaturated fats are better than mono- (single) unsaturated, but both are drastically more benefi-cial than the saturated fats that we'll discuss shortly. Some oils, like canola, contain both monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats. Most people don't consume enough healthful unsaturated fats. In fact, according to the American Heart Association, 8 to 10 percent of our daily calories should come from polyunsaturated fats. More evidence suggests that eating as much as 15 percent of daily calo-ries in the form of polyunsaturated fat in place of saturated fat can lower one's risk for heart disease. Omega-3 fatty acids are the most "famous" of the polyunsatu-rated fats. They are considered "essential fats" because our bodies are unable to make them, so we must consume them in our food. Omega-3s have been shown to reduce inflammation, help with normal brain development and function, reduce symptoms of de-pression, improve heart health, decrease liver fat, prevent dementia, reduce asthma symptoms, and improve bone health, as well as re-duce weight and waist size. Good sources of these fats are oily fish like salmon, mackerel, and herring, as well as oysters, sardines, flax seeds, chia seeds, walnuts, and soybeans. In fact, the World Health Orga-nization (WHO) recommends eating at least two portions of oily fish per week to get sufficient amounts of the healthful omega-3 fats.
Good Sources of Polyunsaturated Fats
- Sunflower seeds
- Oils such as flax, corn, soybean, grapeseed, and safflower
- Fish such as salmon, mackerel, trout, sardines, herring, and albacore tuna
Saturated fats are quite different from unsaturated fats both in structure and impact on our health. From a chemical standpoint, these fats don't have any double bonds between their carbon mol-ecules. This means they are saturated with hydrogen molecules, thus the term "saturated fats." Unlike unsaturated fats, saturated fats tend to be solid at room temperature. The saturated fats have long been considered a "bad" fat, because they raise the LDL cholesterol (the bad type) in the body, which in turn can put one at a higher risk for heart disease and stroke. Re-cently, there has been conflicting data and messages about how bad saturated fats really are, but experts at the Harvard School of Pub-lic Health have deduced that cutting back on saturated fat can be good for health if people replace saturated fat with good fats, espe-cially polyunsaturated fats. Evidence suggests that when someone eats good fats in place of the bad fats, they can lower the bad LDL cholesterol levels, which can ultimately lower the risk for heart disease. While saturated fat is not the most healthful fat, it is still all right to have a small amount of it in your diet. The American Heart Association recommends that only 5 to 6 percent of your daily calo-ries should come from saturated fat. What exactly does this mean? If you eat 2,000 calories in a day, no more than 120 calories should come from saturated fat. To put this number in terms of grams, that would be equivalent to 13 grams. Saturated fats are a natu-ral component in many foods, the majority coming mainly from animal sources that include meat and dairy products.
Common Sources of Saturated Fats
- Patty beef
- Poultry with skin
- Tropical oil (coconut oil, palm oil, cocoa butter)
- Sour cream
- Ice cream
- Lard and cream
- Other dairy products made from whole or 1 or 2% milk
- Cookies and other grain-based desserts
Trans fatty acids, commonly referred to as trans fats, got their comeuppance a long time ago when scientists and public health advocates rang the alarm about the potential and unnecessary dangers they can impose on our health.
Trans Fatty Acids
- Can be naturally occurring but are largely manufactured by companies.
- Are artificially synthesized via a process called hydrogenation: heating liquid vegetable oils in the presence of hydrogen gas and a catalyst (something that expedites the process). This process basically converts the oil into a solid, and thus you have a 'partially hydrogenated" vegetable oil, which is more stable and less likely to spoil and become rancid.
- Margarine and shortening are the best examples of what trans fats look like in your kitchen.
- Partially hydrogenated oils became a favorite of the food industry because they're less likely to spoil and can withstand repeated heating without breaking down, thus making them ideal for frying fast foods.
- Trans fats flooded the market and could be found everywhere, including fried foods, processed snack foods, and baked goods.
- Dangers of trans fats:
- They are the worst type of fat for the heart, blood vessels, and rest of the body.
- They wreak internal havoc, including raising the bad LDL cholesterol and simultaneously lowering the good HDL cholesterol.
- They increase inflammation.
- They contribute to insulin resistance (make the insulin hormone less effective).
- They damage the inner lining (endothelium) of blood vessels.
Not all trans fats are artificial. A relatively small amount occur naturally, and they are called ruminant trans fats, because they are found in meat and dairy that come from ruminant animals such as cattle, goats, and sheep. When ruminant animals eat grass, bacte-ria in their stomachs help digest the grass, and a byproduct of this process is the formation of trans fats. Natural trans fats come in modest amounts-2 to 6 percent of the fat in dairy products and 3 to 9 percent of the fat in certain cuts of lamb and beet These trans fats that most of us consume from normal meat and dairy consumption should not be concerning, as studies have shown that moderate intake of these fats doesn't appear to be harmful. However, when it comes to the artificial trans fats, also known as partially hydrogenated oil or fat, consumer beware. These are hazardous to your health. International expert groups and public health authorities have recommended that we keep our trans fat consumption to less than 1 percent of our total energy intake. So, if you're consuming a 2,000-calorie diet, this is about 20 calories or 2 grams per day. Look on the back of the food label and check to see if it con-tains trans fats. You should be aware that manufacturers use mul-tiple terms to describe trans fats that can be confusing to the consumer. Make sure you look for these terms: trans fats, trans fatty acids, hydrogenated oil, and partially hydrogenated oils. If you see any of these terms, put the product back on the shelf and look for a similar product or different brand that doesn't contain any trans fats. There are plenty of companies that thankfully have altered their manufacturing processes and have significantly re-duced or eliminated trans fats from their products. It's become such an important issue that many labels will clearly state right on the front of the package either og pans Fats, No 'Thins Fats, or ''Trans Fat Fire.
Common Food Sources of Trans Fats
- Frozen pizza
- Baked goods such as cakes, cookies, crackers, and pies
- Fried foods such as French fries, donuts, and fried chicken
- Refrigerated dough such as biscuits and rolls
- Ready-to-use frostings
- Nondairy coffee creamer
Triglyceride Cheat Sheet
- Found in our food as well as made within our body.
- Chemical structure: comprised of three molecules of fatty acid joined with a molecule of glycerol (which is a type of alcohol).
- Comprise over 90 percent of all fats we consume; found in both animal and vegetable fats.
- Commonly found in butter, margarine, and oils such as vegetable, corn, and canola oil.
- Many types of triglycerides; some are saturated fats, while others are unsaturated fats.
- Our body also manufactures triglycerides. When we consume extra calories, alcohol, or sugar (carbohydrates), the liver takes these energy molecules and uses them to increase the production of triglycerides.
- When too many triglycerides float around in our blood, the excess is stored in our fat cells for later use when the body needs more energy.
- Most common type of fat in the body because of the frequent consumption, creation, and storage of triglycerides.
MACRONUTRIENTS AND THEIR CALORIES
Macronutrients are nutrients that the body needs in large amounts. These nutrients provide needed energy to the body in the form of calories. There are three macronutri-ents: fat, carbohydrate, and protein. We need all three of them for a healthy diet and proper nutrition.
- Fat: 9 calories per gram
- Carbohydrate: 4 calories per gram
- Protein: 4 calories per gramConsuming and manufacturing some triglycerides is not a bad thing for our health. They are an extremely important source of en-ergy. However, too many triglycerides in our blood can lead to se-rious health problems. They can cause the blood to become thicker and stickier, and this can lead to the blood forming too many clots, which can cause high blood pressure, heart disease, and stroke. High levels of triglycerides might also cause fatty liver disease and pancreatitis (inflammation of the pancreas). Triglycerides and cholesterol are not the same thing, though some people tend to use the terms interchangeably. While both are fatty substances known by the general category name of lip-ids, chemically speaking, triglycerides are fats whereas cholesterol is not. Triglycerides are largely used by the body for energy pur-poses, while cholesterol plays a role in certain bodily functions such as hormone production and digestion. What is similar between the two is that both are found in the food we eat (like trans fats, cho-lesterol is also found in animal products) as well as being produced by the body. Cholesterol can't mix with or be dissolved in the blood,
- Most plentiful in the body.
- Stores energy and vitamins.
- Produces hormones like leptin that in-teract with the brain to get our body to eat less and burn more calories. (Leptin has the opposite effect of the hormone ghrelin, which is produced in the stomach and works with your brain to signal that you are hungry and need nourishment.)
- Grows when we consume more calo-ries than we burn, because when we eat food or drink beverages with calo-ries, that intake of energy needs to go somewhere. It doesn't just disappear.
- If the body doesn't have an immedi-ate demand to use energy—such as energy needed to complete a two-mile walk or climb the stairs to get to the bedroom—then it needs to go somewhere. That somewhere is into your fat cells.
- When the body has unused fat, glu-cose, and protein circulating in the blood, the insulin hormone will act on the fat cell and cause it to take them up and convert them to fat mol-ecules and store them as fat droplets. This is how the fat cells get bigger. The more fatty acids, protein, and glucose drculating around, the more ingredients that will enter the cell to be converted into fat.
- Often called the -good' fat.
- Much less abundant in the body than white fat.
- Mostly found in newborn babies, be-tween the shoulders.
- As we grow and mature, the percent-age of brown fat greatly diminishes until it's almost nonexistent.
- The main function of this fat is some-thing called thermogenesis—the pro-duction of heat.
- Newborn babies produce heat by breaking down fat molecules into the smaller fatty adds. Once a newborn starts eating more, the calories that go unused get stored in the develop-ing layer of white fat cells, and even-tually, the brown fat starts to go away and the white cells grow, which is why adults have very little or no brown fat at all.